Monkeypox is a rare virus transmitted to humans from infected animals, most commonly rodents. It can then spread among humans but there is no evidence to date that person-to-person transmission alone can sustain the disease in the human population. Symptoms are similar to those seen in past smallpox patients, but are less severe. Smallpox was eradicated as a disease in 1980; however, monkeypox still occurs sporadically in remote parts of Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests. Typically, case fatality in monkeypox outbreaks has been 1-10% but with appropriate care most patients will recover. This course provides a general introduction to monkeypox and is intended for health personnel responsible for prevention and control of monkeypox in humans. *(Cover image: Courtesy of CDC, USA)*
Overview: Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is an orthopoxvirus that causes human monkeypox (MPX), a viral disease with symptoms in humans similar to smallpox, including fever and rash. Following the worldwide eradication of smallpox in 1980, monkeypox emerged as the most significant orthopoxvirus disease in humans. Cases that occur sporadically are reported in rural areas of Central and West African countries, particularly in regions close to tropical rainforest where there is frequent human contact with infected animals. Humans can also acquire the disease through direct contact with cases of monkeypox but there is no evidence to date that person-to-person transmission alone can sustain a monkeypox outbreak in the human population. This course provides a general introduction to the disease through downloadable presentation that can be reviewed at your own pace. It is intended for personnel responding to or preparing to respond to outbreaks of monkeypox.
Learning objectives: By the end of this course, participants should be able to:
- understand the emergence of monkeypox;
- describe routes of transmission;
- list signs and symptoms;
- identify and differentiate clinically between chickenpox, monkeypox and smallpox; and
- discuss prevention, control and preparedness strategies.
Course duration: Approximately 1 hour.
Certificates: No certificate available at this time.
Monkeypox: This module provides an introductory-level overview of the disease.
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